Midterm Questions for Lit 177 - Tolkien
b)the Two Trees
c)secret Noldor craft
d)the Sun and Moon
a)king of the Noldor elves
b)a chief elf in Valinor
c)the Dark Elf
d)king of the Sindar elves
a)bring back a Silmaril from the crown of Morgoth
b)sail a ship to the Land of the Valar
c)present her with the Nauglamir, the Necklace of the Dwarves
d)find the secret path to Gondolin
a)began practicing human sacrifice
b)set foot upon the Undying Lands
c)began raiding the coasts of Middle-earth
d)accepted Sauron as the king's counselor
Answer one of the following:
I. Tolkien's work borrows from a number of different mythic, heroic, and religious traditions. Give examples, showing how he attempts to interweave the varioius traditions into a coherent whole.
II. Pride and greed appear over and over as the major evils of Tolkien's mythos. Give examples from different stories, showing the similarities and differences, if any, between them. How do these vices in individuals contribute to the overall purposes of Morgoth/Sauron in Tolkien's cosmos?
III. As a devout Catholic steeped in medieval traditions, Tolkien wrestled with the theological question of free will versus predetermination (doom, fate, wyrd). How is this concern reflected in his tales, from the Silmarillion to The Hobbit?
IV. During Tolkien's creation tale, "Ainulindale", Morgoth introduces a dissonant strain, so that good can be corrupted to evil. Eru announces, however, that he has so arranged creation that evil can also be turned to good. Give examples of this interplay of good and evil in Tolkien's work, that is, of instances where good behavior and motivations led to evil results and where evil intentions and acts are actually made good.
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